Ordinance No. 19-26
Introduced: November 25, 2019
Public Hearing: December 9, 2019
An Ordinance of the Township of Vernon, County of Sussex, State of New Jersey, Creating Chapter 476 of the Municipal Code of the Township of Vernon Entitled “Short-Term Rentals”
WHEREAS, the Vernon Township Council seeks to regulate the short-term rental of homes and dwelling units throughout Vernon Township (“Township” or “Vernon”) to promote tourism and economic vitality in the Township; and
WHEREAS, the short-term rental of homes and dwelling units can provide a flexible housing supply that allows travelers safe accommodations, while contributing to the local economy, promoting travel and tourism and supporting the local tourism industry and business community; and
WHEREAS, the short-term rental of homes and dwelling units can provide homeowners an opportunity to maintain ownership of property in difficult economic circumstances; and
WHEREAS, the Township Council recognizes that unregulated short-term rentals can create disproportionate impacts related to their size, excessive occupancy, and lack of proper facilities; and
WHEREAS, the presence of short-term rental units in established residential neighborhoods can create negative compatibility impacts and nuisances including, but not limited to, excessive noise, on-street parking, accumulation of trash, and diminished public safety; and
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest that short-term rental uses be regulated to minimize any potential deleterious effects of short-term rental properties in the surrounding neighborhoods in which they are located; and
WHEREAS, the Township seeks to learn more about the number of short term rentals in the Township before enacting comprehensive short-term rental regulations, which would include fees for operating short term rentals in the Township; and
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED by the by the Township Council as follows:
SECTION 1. Chapter 476: Short-Term Rentals shall be created and added to the Municipal Code of the Township as follows:
CHAPTER 476: SHORT-TERM RENTALS
ARTICLE I Title; Findings; Definitions; Permit Requirements
§ 476-1. Title.
This chapter shall be known as the “Short-Term Rentals Ordinance of the Township of Vernon”
§ 476-2. Purpose and Findings.
Township Council finds and declares that the short-term rental of residential dwelling units within the Township benefits the local community by affording owners of such units the ability to garner additional income from their real property to diminish the financial burden of carrying costs and maintenance expenses related to the property, as well as providing travelers with an alternative option for accommodations in the Township, thereby promoting the local travel and tourism industry, and contributing to the economic vitality of the Township. Notwithstanding these benefits, the Township Council also finds and declares that certain transitory uses of residential property tend to affect the residential character of the community and, if unregulated, can be injurious to the health, safety and welfare of the community.
§ 476-3. Definitions.
The words defined in this section shall mean and include the following when used in this chapter:
OWNER - means an individual or entity holding title to a Short-Term Rental.
RESPONSIBLE PARTY - means the Owner and a person (property manager) designated by the Owner to be called upon and be responsible at all times during the period of a short-term rental and to answer for the maintenance of the property, or the conduct and acts of occupants of the property, and, in the case of the property manager, to accept service of legal process on behalf of the Owner.
SHORT-TERM RENTAL or STR - means the accessory use of a dwelling unit for occupancy by someone other than the unit’s owner or permanent resident for a period of thirty (30) or less consecutive days, up to a cumulative total period of not to exceed one hundred eighty (180) days in a calendar year, which dwelling unit is advertised or held out to the public as a place regularly rented to transient occupants.
SHORT-TERM RENTAL PROPERTY - means a residential dwelling unit that is used and/or advertised for rent as a short-term rental for transient occupants as guests. Licensed Bed and Breakfast establishments, licensed rooming or boarding houses, hotels, motels, or a property owned by a bank or other business association that has been subject of a foreclosure proceeding shall not be considered short-term rental property.
SHORT-TERM RENTAL PROPERTY AGENT - means any New Jersey licensed real estate agent or other person designated and charged by the Owner, with the responsibility for making the short-term rental application to the Township on behalf of the Owner, and fulfilling all of the obligations in connection with completion of the short-term rental property permit application process on behalf of the Owner. Such person shall be available for, and responsive to contact on behalf of, the Owner, at all times.
TOWNSHIP - the Township of Vernon.
TRANSIENT OCCUPANT - shall mean any person or a guest or invitee of such person, who, in exchange for compensation, occupies or is in actual or apparent control or possession of residential property, which is either: (1) registered as a short-term rental property, or (2) satisfies the definition of a short-term rental property, as such term is defined in this Chapter. It shall be a rebuttable presumption that any person who holds themselves out as being an occupant or guest of an occupant of the short-term rental is a transient occupant.
§ 476-4. Regulations for Short-Term Rentals.
- STRs shall be permitted in the following properties:
- Condominium units where the Condominium Association By-Laws or Master Deed permit a short-term rental and where the owner of the unit legally identifies the address as his or her principal residence;
- Single-family residences, which one owners identifies as the address of his or her principal residence;
- One unit within a two-family residential dwelling, where the other unit is occupied by the owner and identified by the owner as his or her principal residence;
- Not more than one unit in any multi-family residential dwelling, where one other unit in the same dwelling is occupied by the owner and identified by the owner as his or her principal residence; and
- Not more than one room within a single-family residence, where the room shares common kitchen and bathroom facilities with the occupant of the dwelling unit, and the remainder of the single-family residence is occupied by the owner and identified by the owner as his or her principal residence, as that term is defined herein.
- Residences within residential communities with a homeowner's association (“HOA”) where the HOA By-Laws and/or other governing documents permit a short-term rental and where the owner of the residence legally identifies the address as his or her principal residence.
- Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (2) above, short-term rentals shall not be permitted in boarding or rooming houses, dormitories, adult family care homes, assisted living facilities, community residences for developmentally disabled persons, community shelters for victims of domestic violence, or nursing homes.
§ 476-5. Short-Term Rental Permit, Permit Registration Fee/Application, and Certificate of Occupancy.
- The following shall be required to operate a STR in the Township:
- The owner/operator of a Short-Term Rental Property shall obtain a STR permit from the Township, before renting or advertising for rent any STR.
- No STR permit issued pursuant to this Chapter may be transferred or assigned.
- An owner of property intended to serve as a Short-Term Rental Property, as defined herein, or any agent acting on behalf of the Owner, shall submit to the Township Fire Prevention Department, a STR permit application provided by the Township.
- The STR permit, if granted, shall be valid for a period of one year from the date of issuance.
- The owner of a Short-Term Rental Property, or any agent acting on behalf of the Owner, who intends to rent all of the property, or any permitted part thereof, shall also make application to the Township Fire Prevention Department, in conjunction with the STR permit application, for the issuance of a rental Certificate of Occupancy for the Short-Term Rental Property, on such forms as required by that Department.
- The STR permit shall expire when the Short-Term Rental Property changes ownership. A new application and first-time registration fee will be required in the event that the new owner intends to use the property as a Short-Term Rental Property. A new application and first-time registration fee shall also be required for any STR that had its STR permit revoked or suspended.
§ 476-6. Application Process for Short-Term Rental Permit and Inspections.
- Applicants for a STR permit shall submit, on an annual basis, an application for a STR permit to the Township Fire Prevention Department.
- The application shall be furnished, under oath, on a form specified by the Township.
- Such application shall include:
- The name, address, telephone number and email address of the owner(s) of the dwelling unit for which a STR permit is sought. If such owner is not a natural person, the application must include and identify the names of all owners, members, partners, officers and/or directors of any such entity, and the personal contact information, including address and telephone numbers for each of them;
- The address of the unit to be used as a short-term rental;
- A copy of the driver’s license or state identification card of the Owner, confirming the Short Term Rental Property is the Owner’s principal residence;
- The Owner’s sworn acknowledgement that they comply with the requirement that the Short-Term Rental Property constitutes the Owner’s principal residence, as defined in § 476-3;
- The name, address, telephone number and email address of the Short-Term Rental Property Agent, which shall constitute his or her 7 day a week, 24-contact information;
- The name, address, telephone number and email address of the Responsible Party, which shall constitute his or her 7 day a week, 24-hour contact information;
- The Owner’s sworn acknowledgement that he or she has received a copy of this Ordinance, has reviewed it, understands its requirements and certifies, under oath, as to the accuracy of all information provided in the STR permit application;
- The number and location of all parking spaces available to the STR;
- The STR owner’s agreement to use his or her best efforts to assure that use of the STR will not disrupt the neighborhood, and will not interfere with the rights of neighboring property owners to the quiet enjoyment of their properties;
- Any other information that this Chapter requires an Owner to provide to the Township in connection with an application for a rental certificate of occupancy.
- Every Short Term Rental Property shall be inspected annually for compliance with the Township’s fire safety regulations and property maintenance code. In addition, each STR is subject to review to verify the STR’s eligibility for use as a STR.
- A sworn statement demonstrating that the Short Term Rental Property is not being occupied or used in violation of the Township’s Land Use Regulations and Zoning Ordinance shall be submitted with a STR permit application.
- A sworn statement providing there have been no revocations or suspensions of a STR permit shall be submitted with the STR permit application. If a STR permit has been revoked or suspended a STR permit shall not be issued, which denial may be appealed as provided hereinafter.
- Attached to and concurrent with submission of the STR permit application, the Owner shall provide:
- Proof of the Owner’s current ownership of the Short Term Rental Property;
- Proof of general liability insurance; and
- Written certifications from the Short Term Rental Property Agent and Responsible Party that they agree to perform all of the respective duties specified in this Chapter.
- The STR permit holder shall publish the STR permit number issued by the Township in every print, digital, internet advertisement or any solicitation offering the STR for rent.
- In no event shall a STR be rented to anyone younger than twenty-one (21) years of age. The party executing the lease or rental agreement for occupancy of the STR may allow occupants under the age of twenty-one (21) to stay with him/her during the rental period of the STR.
§ 476-7. Issuance of Permit and Appeal Procedure.
- Once a STR application is submitted, complete with all required information and documentation and fees, the Township Fire Prevention Department, following any necessary investigation for compliance with this Chapter, shall either issue the STR permit and Certificate of Occupancy, or issue a written denial of the permit application (with the reasons for such denial being stated therein), within ten (10) business days.
- If a STR permit is denied, the applicant shall have ten (10) business days to appeal in writing to the Township.
- Within thirty (30) days thereafter, the Mayor or his designee shall hear and decide the appeal.
§ 476-8. Short-Term Rental Operational Requirements.
- A STR and its occupants must comply with all applicable rules, regulations and ordinances of the Township, State of New Jersey and United States of America.
- The Owner shall not install any advertising or identifying mechanisms, such as signage, including lawn signage, identifying the property for rent as a short-term rental property.
- Occupants of a Short-Term Rental Property shall provide the Township with their home address, license plate number, year and make of automobile, copy of driver’s license, telephone number and address of the Short-Term Rental Property that is being occupied.
- The Owner shall post the following information in a prominent location within the STR:
- Owner name; if Owner is an entity, the name of a principal in the entity, and phone number for the Owner (individual);
- The names and phone numbers for the Responsible Party and the Short Term Rental Property Agent (as those terms are defined in this Chapter);
- The phone numbers for the Vernon Police Department, the Vernon Fire Department, and the Township Zoning Department;
- The maximum number of parking spaces available onsite;
- Trash and recycling pick-up day, and all applicable rules and regulations regarding trash disposal and recycling;
- A copy of the Ordinance authorizing this Chapter; and
- Notification that an occupant, Owner or Short Term Rental Property Agent may be cited or fined by the Township for any violation(s) of the Township’s Ordinance(s);
- In the event any complaints are received by the Township regarding the STR or its occupants, and the Owner is unreachable or unresponsive, the Responsible Party and the Short-Term Rental Property Agent shall be authorized to and have the responsibility to take any action to resolve such complaints.
- While a Short Term Rental Property is rented, the Owner, the Short-Term Rental Property Agent, or Responsible Party shall be available twenty-four hours per day, seven days per week for the purpose of responding within two (2) hours to complaints regarding the condition of the STR or its occupants.
- If the Short Term Rental Property is the subject of two (2) or more substantiated civil and/or criminal complaints, the Mayor or his designee may revoke the STR permit issued for the property, in which case, the STR may not be the subject of a STR permit application for one (1) year following the date of revocation of the permit.
- Failure to make application for, and to obtain the issuance of, a STR permit before advertising or soliciting occupants for the STR shall constitute a violation of this Title of the Code.
- The person offering a dwelling unit for short-term rental use must be the owner of the dwelling unit. A tenant of a property may not apply for a STR permit, nor shall the property or any portion thereof be sub-leased by the tenant on a short-term basis, or operated as a STR.
- The STR Owner must be current with all taxes, fines or any other amounts owed to the Township prior to the issuance of a STR permit. In the event that any code violations have been issued by the Township, such violations must be abated before a STR permit will be issued. A STR Owner must also close any open construction permits prior to the issuance of a STR permit.
§ 476-9. Violations and Penalties.
- A violation of any provision of the within Chapter may subject the STR Owner, Transient Occupant(s), the STR Property Agent, or the Responsible Party or their agents to fines of up to $500.00 per violation, per day that the violation exists and/or the revocation of any STR permit.
§ 476-10. Expiration of Ordinance.
- Unless renewed by the Township Council, this Ordinance shall lapse, become void and have no effect one year after its adoption.